Don’t Refuse A Hug!

October 4, 2015

Have you ever tried to hug someone that you knew needed a hug, but they would not let you or struggled to get away quickly or just would not rest in the hug so they did not receive the comfort or the blessing that was intended?  It took awhile for me to get comfortable in hugging churches because it was not in my upbringing.  Church was rather formal and a shouted Amen might have caused a 911 call if it had existed so a hug might have just been like a lightning strike and sudden death.  So it was hard to get used to and then when the ladies started with the kisses on the cheek it was another major adjustment even though it was usually older ladies with a motherly peck or younger ones with an brother/uncle one.  It was still well out of my normal functioning parameters.  Such signs of affection are often absent even among family members let alone among church folks.

Many times that is how we treat God.  He reaches out hug us and we refuse to let Him.  We may let Him put His arms around us, but we struggle to get away quickly when comfort comes by lingering in those arms.  It is like my Pentecostal friends who say Baptists leave church before the Holy Spirit shows up because we best end at noon if we are going to get to Luby’s on time.  We may stay quiet in His arms for a bit and yet our fears, guilt or lack of trust keep us from getting what He wants to give us and we need to receive.

Lord Jesus, may we submit to your hugs collapsing in tears and weakness resting there until the blessing takes complete hold of our hearts turning our tears of sorrow or despair into tears of joy that run down our face in a torrent like Gorman Falls.

Thank You for loving us and reaching out to our needs when we fail You so greatly because our faith is so small and our will is weak.  You are love. You are truth.  Let us see one arm as love and the other as truth when You hug us. It is in Your arms where the lies of this world will be silenced and all hate replaced .  Glory and honor to You, O Triune God, that was, is and is to come!  Maranatha!  Maranatha!!

Bunny Benefit

October 2, 2015

I am grateful for the rabbit in my yard.  He doesn’t know if I an going to hurt him or not.  H just sits there calmly, yet alert.  My wife puts out food for him from time to time, yet he mostly finds his own food.

It is good to see one of God’s feeble creatures to remind me of how feeble I am compared to God.  The bunny does nothing really to enhance my life, except to be himself. Being himself brings me peace and some joy as I watch him.In many ways, I am of no real benefit to God.  After all He is totally self-sufficient needing nothing or anybody. He desires my love and fellowship, but as I do not force myself on the bunny neither does He force Himself on me.  At times He watches me from afar, as I do the bunny, lest there is fear and running away.

One day, the bunny may feel secure enough to come closer to me on his own.  I can only entice him with food and move slowly.  God has to work with some people like that as well.  I would love for the bunny to let me hold him and feed him. God wants that for man as well.  The bunny may never do as I wish and that is sad.  God is also sad when people do not come to Him in trust.  After all, He has done so much to prove His love and earn their trust.

The bunny doesn’t know I am writing about him or my thoughts of him,  Sadly, many people do not know God’s thoughts of them or that He wrote the Bible with them in mind. Sometimes, many times, I forget that.  I can only imagine how many times He has had to watch me from afar because He knows if He approached me too quickly I would run away from Him rather than towards Him. Thus He waits as He feeds me, defends me, provides for me a home, a family and all the other gifts of grace.

Indeed, the bunny has just come closer to me, but will he stay if I move towards him?  Unlikely.  At times, we venture towards God, yet are ready to run at the slightest thing that He does that we do not understand or anticipate.  As I am patient and letting the bunny work out his trust issues so God, who is far more patient than me, waits in love for me to work out my trust issues.  I may never hold the bunny.  God, however, holds me in His heart and even in His everlasting arms.  I just don’t always believe it, so to me I am distant from Him and His arms.  Thankfully, His Spirit can hold me without the flesh knowing it.

One day, when I fully collapse into His arms thinking that I just arrived there I will realize that I was there all the time. All my perceptions of distance were because of my mind perceived circumstances, fear and sins as distance.  Had my heart trusted Him rather than what my mind was muddled with I would have realized that you cannot be far from an omnipresent God.  Duh!

When I learn to fully embrace His embrace my dreams and His desires will come to fruition. It is good that He is holding me even when I am not holding Him.  Thank you Lord for bunnies and your patient love! Glory!  Maranatha!!

When Vets Gather: An honest discussion about veteran suicide

Run To The Light!

August 20, 2015

James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

My friend John and I were discussing this verse and he used the illustration of a lit match. The flame itself casts no shadow, but the match stick does. The match stick is an obstacle and the shadow is darkness or sin. When we become an obstacle to the light of God we create darkness or sin.

My dovetail on that was that the closer and brighter the light the object becomes enveloped in the light and there is no shadow cast.

Thus God being nothing but Light cannot cast a shadow. Everywhere He turns there is light. When He shines on us we see the darkness of our shadow or sin because we are an obstacle to the Light in our lives. The way to overcome and stop being an obstacle and remove the shadow of sin is to run into the Light. When we become enveloped in the Light we are no longer an obstacle and our sin disappears.

Some of us need to run into the Light by being saved. We see the sin in our lives and know we cannot clean up our act to make the shadow go away. The Light of God clearly shows us the gravity of our situation. When we run into the Son, the Father no longer sees our shadow of sin for it has been enveloped in the Son.

John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.

John 3
19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
20 For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
21 But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.

Come to Jesus for forgiveness of your sins and let His light surround you and hide your darkest sins. Don’t hate the Light. Let the Light reprove you and then reprieve you when you repent of your sins and ask Jesus to save you and light your way.

1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as He is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

Christian, we need to run to the Light as well. Too often, the world, the flesh and the Devil cause us to sin and we become that obstacle to the Light that is in us. We keep it from shining out of us and literally obscuring us. We are out of fellowship and walking in darkness without and within.

When that happens we need to run to the Light for forgiveness.

1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

We cannot hide our shadow or use human light to overcome it. Only the Light can hide our sin by His grace when we come to Him saying the same thing about our sin that He says about it. That is true confession. Admission of guilt is a part of confession, but real confession is looking at our darkness and calling it what it is not glossing over it as a mistake.

We must see that severity of our sin and hate it like He hates sin. Then and only then will we truly desire to run to the Light. Only then will be be free from the darkness because walking in Light will mean everything to us. We will grow to abhor the darkness and avoid it like we would if we saw a fresh cow patty in our path. We will smell the pungent odor of death in sin and darkness and cringe at the stench. That is homologeo, saying the same thing. That is confession. Run to the Light, my Brethren. Be enveloped by light so you can walk in fellowship with Him and fulfill your calling.

Matthew 5
14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.
15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.
16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

We live in a world of darkness. We are called to be light, but we have no light in ourselves. We have light because the Light of the world has saved us. We are in Him and in Him is no shadow. Sinner or Saint, do not stay in the darkness! Run to the Light to be saved or restored. Run to Him and away from the World. Grace be unto you! Maranatha!!!!

The Created Create

August 11, 2015

Human nature itself proves we came from a Creator/Designer because every generation strives to create things and redesign old things. We even design nonsensical things because we need to create.  We landscape to create a new atmosphere where we saw barrenness or just wanted something new.  That is Genesis 1:2 being played out in us as having been created in the likeness of the Creator.  We have created more things in the last hundred years than we ever thought possible while conquering the air, the deep sea and sticking our noses into outer space.

What have our so called nearest cousins created in millennia?  Absolutely nothing because they are created by the same Creator, but like not like we were.  To believe in random chance as the source of all we see is deny what is ingrained in our DNA by the Creator of the DNA.  When we study DNA we are Divine Nature Analysis whether we believe it or not.

1Co 2:1 And I, brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, declaring unto you the testimony of God.
2 For I determined not to know any thing among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified.
3 And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
4 And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
5 That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.

Having spent many years in ministry and learning all I could via colleges and self-study I have come to the conclusion that we need more “in demonstration of the Spirit and power” and less of man’s wisdom in our preaching. While education in nearly all disciplines is wise and we are to go into the world and teach all nations making disciples, we seemed to have become obsessed to the point of near idolatry over degrees. It is extremely difficult for an Amos to serve in a realm where three degrees are required as much as three points and a poem in homiletics or expository preaching class.

Frankly, it seems clear that our method of preaching/teaching to make disciples is inferior to that of Christ’s since He only took three years to train the 12 disciples and the 13th audited the course since he was not of the original 12. Paul’s one on one training was also only three years and Paul only had three weeks to plant a vibrant church. While Mormons can field missionaries with a very brief training period we send men to school for many years. Some programs from ThB to ThD can take up to 15 years. Then the man may have great knowledge and eloquent speech but still have a status quo church that declines as he and his church ages. It would appear that we are missing something much like Apollos, who was a gifted preacher and well versed in the Law, yet lacked the basic understanding of the Gospel and had to be schooled by a couple who never went to bible college let alone seminary.

We are well versed in the wisdom and theologies of men, but that is not what Paul used in his ministry though he had more of that kind of wisdom than folks today with several degrees in various disciplines. Indeed, he counted all that he had as dung and stayed away from it as much as possible except when the situations warranted it to gain a hearing. His focus was Christ and Him crucified and the power of the Spirit who worked powerfully in Paul.

I fear that much of our infatuation with degrees is to impress men, both saved and unsaved. I appreciate what one local notable preacher said that all his degrees did for him was to get him an interview at the church where he now serves. I was told by a local seminary that a man cannot pastor in Texas without some form of doctorate. While it is difficult because churches have been trained by the theologians that they need a doctor, it is very possible to pastor quite well without a degree let alone a doctorate.

Many have stopped getting ThDs and now seek PhDs. The world respects those more and if ministry fails the chances of getting a teaching job or some other job is better with a PhD versus a ThD. A PhD might even generate a larger salary in a church ministry as well as a secular job. A church that has a pastor with a doctorate of any kind can bring in more affluent members and maybe a PhD does ever better. I cannot judge everyone’s motive, but it would be interesting to know what caused that shift.

Our appealing to the World through education has not really helped much. We may have more doctors in the Church than the medical career field. That may be indicate that we are more ill and forget that it was the doctors, Pharisees and Sadducees, that Christ criticized and condemned the most. Indeed, the greatest insult to that crowd was that to them He was just a carpenter’s illegitimate son and He picked unlearned fisherman and a hated tax collector for His disciples. He also hung out with prostitutes and thieves more than He did with the Sanhedrin. How terribly undignified Christ and His ragtag band were to the doctors.

I don’t remember how long after attending bible college it was when one of my buddies asked me if I noticed that my spiritual life had taken a downhill turn since coming to college. I had to admit that it had indeed slumped when I would have expected being in such a cloistered environment amid a great number of saints all preparing for the ministry or to be a pastor’s wife it would have soared instead of slumped.

I grew more when I was witnessing to the “heathen” and doing my own study in the library than I did in class. Oh, I graduated with honors so I learned stuff. However, it seemed my bible turned into a textbook and a manual on how to militate against the other denominations or cults more so than my own instructional manual for holy living. My manna from Heaven dried up and I was not in the Promised Land.

I spent more time reading about Calvin, Arminius, Covenant theology, Dispensational theology, theories of the Rapture, Tribulation and Millennium by various theologians, both dead and living than I did reading the Word of God that I came to learn. Indeed, much of that I have never used in my ministry because few people are interested in supralapsarian, infralapsarian or sublapsarian theologies. Sometimes I have to throw some of those words in a sermon so I can get some use out of them since I paid good money and spent time to learn them. Most people are just interested in knowing how to get through the nasty now and now in the grace of God until they get to the sweet by and by.

My early experiences with God were more rewarding than my graduating with honors. Though for a guy that graduated 55/57 in his academic high school class it was a cool thing to be in the top 10. I owed those honor cords to my wife who kept me from quitting after my third year of trying to explain how the GI bill worked to the business office who told me they knew about it before I enrolled. I gave them to her when I came down from the podium. They were her reward for my four years.

If is now 40 years since that day I went to church to get a guy off my back and ended up with Christ in my heart. It has been a long and winding road with joys, sorrows, some success and many failures. I have pastored, gotten pieces of paper, taught in a seminary, wrote books and ministered in many areas including social media to many people around the world. I have been received, rejected and oft times a Pharisee and in some areas, a Sadducee.

God has been very gracious to me and better to me than I deserve. He has done things for me when my education and man’s wisdom failed me. I am seeking to go back to my early experiences with Him or my first love. It was an amazing and simpler time.

Indeed, I think I was saved as an apostolic Christian though I was in a Baptist Church. I can remember making some statements that raised some eyebrows back then. I was more attuned to His voice and the Spirit’s leading before I became a theologian. My son called me that once and I told him to never do it again. It’s a good word, but folks called theologians are often confused, much like the scribes they use may, maybe, possibly, could be and quote their favorite men more than “thus saith the Lord.” Theologians thrived in the Dark Ages while many of God’s people had to hide in the dark to avoid theologians.

I wish I had never heard of Calvin and Arminius as well as much of the other stuff that has not profited my life or spirit nor those whom I have taught and given guidance. Often people come to me messed up because of some issue taught them by a theologian or pastor. Indeed, we have many camps who teach things they think are good doctrines based upon some theology that just does not pan out when placed under the light of Scripture. People put too much trust in the theologian of their choice and are not good Bereans who search the Scriptures to see if the things are are told are true.

I am seeking not to be more Spirit led than man led and to seek God’s approval more than the approval of men. I am not dumping doctrine for the sensational as some do, but there is a balance between dead orthodoxy and wildfire pietism. The Holy Spirit in not hobbled by the Bible, but neither will He do anything contrary to the Book He, the Father and the Son wrote. The Word and the Spirit will dove tail, not rabbit trail. I want that balance and that balance may seem unbalanced to men as His thoughts and ways are not ours. May God bring me to that balance to His Glory, by His mercy and grace. After all, He is the “same, yesterday and forever.” I believe it! May God bring you there as well so “that your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.” Maranatha!


Interestingly. the two men that are admired most by my peers or pastoral acquaintances are D. L. Moody, 8th grade education, and Charles Spurgeon, no formal biblical training yet considered the Prince of Preachers.

Gen 2
21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;
22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made He a woman, and brought her unto the man.
23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.
24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
No big ceremony or a license needed or even implied here. Simplicity is awesome. Man made it more complicated. For centuries it was just a contract between families and sometimes a spoils of war situation. Neither government nor church was involved with it unless you were a member of the royal family looking for a spouse.
Everyone has gone crazy over the SCOTUS decision. You prayed, you voted and now you just hand it over to God. Brethren, don’t do weddings anymore and you need not worry about polygamy, polyandry or anything else.

It is the Government’s license whereby you obtain government benefits so allow agents of the government to execute and certify the license. When you say, “By the power invested in me by the State of _____” you are acting as an agent of the State and should follow the laws of the State. Disagree with those laws? Then resign as an agent of the State. It seems very simple to me.

There is nothing in Scripture about the church doing weddings with a pastor as the officiant. It was bad theology around the eighth century that started the whole tradition. Dump tradition and stay on mission as dictated in Matt 28:19.20 and Ephesians 4:11-16. Let the Justice of the Peace do the license part and let the couple say their vows before God and family sans preacher and building like it was done for millennia before the eighth century. If they need a building they can rent a building like the Legion, Elks or whatever. Do it in the park or the backyard even in a barn having a dance afterward. Location is not important to God, only man.

God does not require a license and marriage is official with Him when they “become one flesh.” Even a one night stand is considered a one flesh relationship. (1 Cor 6:15, 16) That means there are already a large number of polygamists in God’s eyes even before it becomes legal in the country. The ceremony is for man, not Him. He is, after all, omnipresent. He does not dwell in what we call God’s house. He resides in the believer so if they say their vows in front of a group of believers they have had a church wedding for they are the Church. It is not a sacrament that must be performed by a pastor in a church.

Indeed, it is so much a tradition that at a marriage of a prostitute to a pimp the lady wore white. Yes, this happened. Not exactly following the symbolism. Many other people who have no church background will go through the marriage guidance classes though not really interested in the information just so they can have a church wedding. They never plan on ever being in church again, unless they divorce and remarry, but they followed the tradition. At least with funerals you will not have to do it again for that person in three to five years.

I also know it can be quite an income generator depending on the size and style of the church as well as the notoriety of the preacher. However, that is still not a reason to hold on to this tradition. I never charged for funerals or anything that I felt was part of my pastoral duties. Like the military, a pastor is salaried and on call 24/7 so an honorarium should not be required. Also, if you are performing the ceremony for families of the members this should be done as a ministry of the church with no funds needed. If you are doing it as an evangelistic outreach that is all the more reason to freely give. The preacher should do it freely and the church should be free as well. It should be a ministry to the Body, not a service provided by a vendor. If you cannot provide this as a free ministry then you should not offer it. Since we need to bail out of this whole thing it doesn’t matter, but I needed to make a point about one of the problems with being in this business.

Check with the Christian Law Association ( as you may need to have a formal church meeting to change your constitution and bylaws and post on your website and bulletin that neither the pastor/staff nor this Church performs weddings of any kind.

One thing I learned in the military is the importance of the mission. You do what you have to do and sacrifice what you must, including your life, for the success of the mission. Why have your pastor go to jail, your Church sued and lose its tax-exempt status and shut down thus ending your mission in failure for a tradition? We should have gotten out of this business centuries ago. Will there be a hill to die on down the road? Very possibly, but this is not that hill. This is a molehill of tradition that needs to be sacrificed to stay spot on mission. Will you let it go in wisdom or foolishly fail the mission?

Just a thought. Sholom! Maranatha!

Gen 2:20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.

When God made woman “meet” or fit for the man, He meant the deal to be that Adam’s strengths were Eve’s weaknesses and Eve’s strengths were Adam’s weaknesses so that they were stronger together than they would ever be apart. That is why opposites usually attract each other. That is the ideal marriage and so many do not look at that when looking for a marriage partner.  It wasn’t all about either partner, but rather both.

Of course, they don’t seek God for the right mate and also ignore parental and even friend’s advice and then wonder why it falls apart. Love is blind and hormones are insane. Not good to rely on your judgment alone. Others can see your blind spot and keep you from disaster if you let them tell you the truth and you really listen. Due to the high divorce rates of marriage for love, I could almost go back to parental selected marriages.

When He tells a Christian to not marry an unbeliever and they do or a person that only started going to church when the dating started they are asking for trouble and usually get it. Amos said it best, “How can two walk together except they be agreed?” (Amos 3:3)

Consult the Creator and if you can’t figure out each one’s strengths and weaknesses there are tests out there to help you. If you both have the same weaknesses it will be difficult to overcome situations those weaknesses cause if at least one is not strong in that area. Much like a non-swimmer jumping in to help someone drowning. You normally end up dredging two bodies.

If both of you are strong in the same areas then there will be undue competition to be the one handling the situation much like one man pushing the car from the back and another pushing if from the front at the same time. Direction is determined by which one tires first and a marriage like that will likewise be tiring.

God has someone for you if you are meant to marry, but He also knows who would be better off single so let Him tell you about that. There is no sense in you ruining your life and another person’s life if you are best alone. Parents fussing about grand-kids or all of your peers being married are not good reasons to be married. Being in a hurry or settling may also make you miss the best God had for you and cause the one He had for you to also miss the best.

Control your hormones, let others point out the blind spots while you wait on God and you will have a much better marriage experience.

Sholom! Maranatha!!

I just read an article entitled, “Rejecting God-Ordained Leadership in the Church.”  The writer was suggesting that we should not resist even ungodly leadership in the Church because God will deal with them. Having seen the abuse of pastors by congregations, I could easily amen this. I think I understand his point as God dealt with Saul, Phineas and Hophni and even with Ananais and Sapphira for lying to God’s man.  He used this verse as his proof text.

“And the Lord told him: “Listen to all that the people are saying to you; it is not you they have rejected, but they have rejected me as their king.” – 1 Samuel 8:7

I don’t think the passage used is applicable in all cases or even for Ananias and Sapphira.  You definitely do not want to be a hindrance and lead a rebellion against a pastor that is doing a good work just because he preached something you did not like because it went against your pet viewpoint or nailed your secret sin.  God will indeed deal with you about that.  Unless the pastor is teaching heresy or involved in some sin you don’t have much ground for seeking his removal, but you can always remove yourself from that church.  If you leave, do it in a Christian manner.

On the flip side, I know men who love to use that article’s concept saying “Don’t go up against God’s man” or “Touch not my anointed” to get away with rude comments and less than righteous actions. They wound people and split churches and make neighborhoods distrust anyone from their church. When addressed biblically through Matt 18 or 1 Ti 5:19, they attack the people bringing the grievance as carnal or trying to control the church. If they proceed to 1 Ti 5:20 it can be a rough time even if the erring pastor does leave or is removed.

When a man is truly called of God and in His will then he need not fear any Absalom or Diotrephes. But it is the duty of the people to remove a leader who is not leading as an under-shepherd, but as a Lord over the flock. This is for the sake of the Church, the lambs and the world that is watching. If a man is removed unjustly then God will take care of that man and the ones responsible.  Sometimes the removal is a reward by God for being faithful in a hard place and His judgment on the church writing Mene Mene Tekel or Ichabod on the doorposts.

You do not want to touch God’s anointed, but we have far too many self-anointed and man anointed, even well intended, men that are scattering the flock as much as the wolves. Sometimes it takes much discernment to know who is who and often it does not require much at all. It just takes courage to deal with the situation. It needs to be handled correctly and with meekness, but failure to handle it is not biblical or healthy for the Church.  Maranatha!

Pro 27:2 Let another man praise thee, and not thine own mouth; a stranger, and not thine own lips.

In a world where one must have a resume that glistens like gold this becomes very difficult to follow be it in a secular or ministry career. If you are seeking to be real in some places you have no hope of an interview as they like gaudy or showy resumes while other like bare bones.  If you have been around for awhile even your bare bones will look like a Brontosaurus display.

Indeed, the more articles you read on resumes and interviews the more clueless you become. I am a WYSIWYG kind of guy. I don’t do gimmicks or mind games. Things that to me are just part of the J O B really excite some people.  Some are more interested in your social skills than technical knowledge.  Having had at least three jobs where in the interview I felt like I was in a different career field or realized I was being hired for issues not even in the job description I can testify that is true.

Sometimes it really doesn’t matter what is on your resume because the job is already meant for someone else, but they have to go through the motions so that it does not look like pre-selection.  I once applied for a position where the interviewer passed over four more highly qualified people to get to the person the job had been promised to before the slot was even created.  Good ol’ boy and girl scenarios still exist.

My best advice is just be yourself in your resume and interview.  As one of my professors told me, “Never over promise and under perform.”  Trying to be more than you are might get you the job, but that promise of performance will not keep it for you.  They will want the performance.

Keep your style as your style is not and should not be the same as anyone else.  If you are like everyone else you will not stand out.  Someone out there will love your style and if you are trying to be someone else you will miss your moment.   

Be polite, respectful, but real.  Let your references speak your praises more loudly than you do.  There is still a place in an exaggerated world for humility.  It may be “hard to be humble when you’re perfect in every way”, but you’re not perfect. Dents in your shiny armor show you have been in the battle and survived and not just out of boot camp.  Trying to hide them out of some sort of pride issue is worse than humbly admitting they exist.  Be confident about your abilities and achievements, but not prideful.  Solomon’s exhortation is still good to follow and can b